National Development and Reform Commission National Energy Administration Guidance on promoting the development of smart grids
Beijing, Hebei, Jiangxi, Henan, Shaanxi, Tibet Autonomous Region Development and Reform Commission, the provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, the Economic and Information Committee (the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology), the Energy Bureau, the China Electricity Council, the State Grid Company, China Southern Power Grid Co., Ltd.:
Smart grid is a new generation of power system based on traditional power system, through the integration of new energy, new materials, new equipment and advanced sensing technology, information technology, control technology, energy storage technology and other new technologies. , automation, interactive and other features, can better achieve safe, reliable, economical and efficient operation of the grid. The development of smart grid is an important means to realize China's energy production, consumption, technology and institutional revolution, and is an important basis for the development of energy Internet. In order to promote the development of smart grid, the following guidance is proposed.
First, the importance of developing a smart grid
The development of smart grids will help to further improve the ability of the grid to accept and optimize the allocation of multiple energy sources, achieve comprehensive deployment of energy production and consumption, and promote the scientific use of clean energy and distributed energy to fully build safe, efficient and clean The modern energy security system is conducive to supporting new industrialization and new urbanization construction, improving the service level of people's livelihood; facilitating the transformation and upgrading of upstream and downstream industries, and realizing the overall improvement of China's energy technology and equipment.
Second, the overall requirements
(1) Guiding ideology
Adhere to the basic principles of overall planning, adapting to local conditions, advanced and efficient, clean and environmental protection, open interaction, and serving the people's livelihood, thoroughly implement the state's strategic deployment of achieving the energy revolution and building ecological civilization, strengthen top-level design and overall coordination; promote the application of new technologies and new Equipment and new materials, comprehensively improve the intelligent level of power systems; fully reflect energy-saving emission reduction and environmental protection requirements, promote centralized and decentralized clean energy development and consumption; adapt to the development of smart cities, build a friendly and open comprehensive service platform, fully Give play to the key role of smart grids in modern energy systems. Bring into play the role of smart grid technology innovation and industry cultivation, encourage business model innovation, and foster new economic growth points.
(2) Basic principles
Adhere to overall planning. We will formulate smart grid strategic planning, give full play to the enthusiasm of power market enterprises, equipment manufacturing enterprises, users and other market players, and jointly promote the development of smart grids on the basis of cooperation and win-win.
Adhere to the collection and weight. Objectively understand the reality of China's national conditions and the reverse distribution of energy resources and consumption, and further improve the intelligent level of the transmission grid while further exerting the role of the grid in optimizing the allocation of energy resources. At the same time, strengthen the development of smart distribution networks, encourage the construction of distributed power and micro-grid, and promote energy consumption on the spot.
Adhere to marketization. Give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, explore innovation in operating models, encourage social capital to enter, and stimulate market vitality.
Adhere to local conditions. All localities should consider the differences in economic development level, energy resources and basic conditions, and promote the development of local smart grids in light of local conditions.
(3) Development goals
By 2020, a smart grid system that is safe, reliable, open, compatible, two-way interactive, efficient, economical, clean and environmentally friendly will be built to meet the needs of power development and users, fully support the construction of modern energy systems, promote China's energy production and consumption revolution, and drive strategic The development of emerging industries will form an intelligent grid equipment system with international competitiveness.
Achieve full consumption of clean energy. Build a safe and efficient long-distance transmission network and a reliable and flexible active distribution network to realize the full utilization of various clean energy sources such as water, wind and solar energy; accelerate the construction of micro-grid and promote distributed photovoltaic, micro-combustion and residual heat and residual pressure Wide-ranging access and effective interaction of various distributed power sources to achieve optimal allocation of energy resources and energy structure adjustment.
Improve the flexibility of the transmission and distribution network. Improve the intelligent control, economic operation and security defense capabilities of AC/DC hybrid power grids, demonstrate the application of large-scale energy storage systems and flexible DC transmission projects, and significantly enhance the operational safety and control of power grids under high-level clean energy and multiple load access conditions. Flexibility, control accuracy, power supply stability, effective protection against all kinds of serious faults, power supply reliability rate is at the global advanced level.
Meet and guide users to diversify their load needs. Establish and promote the supply and demand interactive power system, implement demand side management, guide users to new concepts of energy consumption, realize power conservation and peak shifting; adapt to the diversified load access requirements of distributed power, electric vehicles, energy storage, etc. Safe, convenient and orderly interactive service platform.
Third, the main task
(1) Establish and improve the coordinated development and operation mechanism of network sources, and comprehensively improve the intelligent level of power supply side
Strengthen the plant-level intelligent construction of traditional energy and new energy power generation, carry out the actual measurement of the parameters of the conventional power supply, improve the observability and controllability of the power supply side, realize the efficient intercommunication between the power supply and the grid information, and further improve the control capability of various power sources. Coordinate the development level with the network source; optimize the power supply structure, guide the power supply to actively participate in auxiliary services such as peak shaving and frequency modulation, and establish a corresponding operational compensation mechanism.
(2) Strengthening service and technical support and actively accepting new energy
Promote new energy generation power forecasting and dispatching operation control technology; promote distributed energy, energy storage system and grid coordination and optimization operation technology, stabilize new energy volatility; carry out flexible DC transmission technology pilot, and innovate renewable energy power transmission mode; Plug-and-play, friendly grid-connected grid-connected equipment meets the requirements for new energy and distributed power supply access. Strengthen new energy optimization dispatching and evaluation management, improve the test and safe operation capability of new energy power stations; encourage the allocation of a certain proportion of energy storage systems in centralized wind farms and photovoltaic power plants, and encourage the demonstration of business models based on flexible electricity prices according to local conditions; The distributed power operation management system improves the distributed power dispatch operation management mode; actively encourages the development of distributed energy and microgrids in remote areas such as islands and mountainous areas, and solves the problem of power supply guarantee in areas without electricity or electricity.
(3) Strengthening energy interconnection and promoting complementary and complementary energy sources
Encourage the coordinated operation of wind energy, photovoltaic and energy storage in renewable energy-rich areas; encourage coordinated operation of clean energy and controlled loads in energy-intensive areas, and energy Internet demonstration projects; encourage urban industrial parks (business parks), etc. In the region, the demonstration of comprehensive energy utilization projects will be carried out. Based on the photovoltaic power generation and gas-fired heat and power triple supply system, technologies such as energy storage and heat pump will be applied to construct a comprehensive energy utilization system. Accelerate research and development of key technologies such as source-network-load sensing and coordinated control, energy and information infrastructure integration equipment, and distributed energy management. We will improve the information resource sharing mechanism in the fields of coal, electricity, oil and gas, support the collection and copying of water, gas and electricity, and build a dynamic data integration platform for cross-industry energy operations to encourage the sharing and reuse of energy and information infrastructure.
(4) Building a safe and efficient information communication support platform
Make full use of information and communication technologies, build an integrated information communication system and a computational analysis and decision-making platform for massive data, integrate smart grid data resources, and tap the value of information and data resources to comprehensively improve power system information processing and intelligent decision-making capabilities. Support for energy access, dispatch operations, user services and business management. On the basis of a unified technical framework, standard specifications and security protection, the construction of information application systems covering planning, construction, operation, maintenance, and service will be built.
(5) Improve the intelligent level of the power grid to ensure safe, reliable and economic operation of the power grid
Exploring the application of new materials in power transmission and transformation equipment, promoting the construction of intelligent substations, rational deployment of flexible communication, flexible DC transmission and other facilities, improving dynamic transmission capacity and system operation flexibility; promoting the application of power transmission and transformation equipment status diagnosis, intelligent inspection Technology; establish automatic identification, emergency, defense and recovery systems for natural disasters such as ice disasters, mountain fires, lightning, typhoons, etc.; establish intelligent systems that adapt to AC/DC hybrid power grids, high proportions of clean energy, source-network-load coordination and interaction Dispatch and security defense system. According to the differentiated demand of distribution network development in different regions, the distribution automation system is deployed to encourage the development of active distribution network technologies such as flexible distribution network and intelligent measurement and control to meet the large-scale access requirements of distributed energy. Encourage the application of information and communication technologies such as cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, mobile Internet, backbone optical fiber transmission network, and energy routers in power systems to establish an open, ubiquitous, intelligent, interactive, and trusted power information communication network. Encourage the research and pilot application of AC and DC hybrid power technology and explore new modes of distribution network development.
(6) Strengthening power demand side management, guiding and serving user interaction
Promote the application of smart metering technology, improve diversified measurement mode and interactive functions; promote regional automatic demand response system, intelligent community, smart park and virtual power plant customized engineering solutions; accelerate the construction of power demand side management platform, support demand side management forecast analysis Decision-making, information release, two-way scheduling technology research and application; explore flexible and diverse market-oriented trading models, establish a sound demand response working mechanism and trading rules, encourage users to participate in demand response, and achieve coordinated interaction with the power grid.
(7) Promote multi-field energy substitution and effectively implement energy conservation and emission reduction
Promote mature electric energy replacement and energy-saving technologies such as low-voltage inverter, green lighting, and enterprise distribution network management; promote the orderly charging of electric vehicles, V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid), and integrated operation technology of charging and discharging. Accelerate the construction of an intelligent charging service network for electric vehicles; build an intelligent interactive demonstration project for charging and discharging electric vehicles under the vehicle network integration mode; encourage demonstration applications of power battery ladders. Encourage large-scale electric heating to replace coal-fired boilers, large-scale cold storage (heat), and centralized cooling (heat) station demonstration projects in new energy-rich areas; promote electric power substitution projects such as port shore power, heat pump, and home electrification.
(8) Satisfying diversified people's livelihood electricity consumption and supporting new urbanization construction
Building a low-carbon, environmentally-friendly, and convenient intelligent community, intelligent building, and smart park featuring electricity information collection, demand response, distributed power supply, energy storage, electric vehicle orderly charging, and smart home; exploring new types of photovoltaic power generation The application of urbanization and agricultural modernization will promote the pilot application of energy storage on the user side; establish a smart energy comprehensive system for smart cities, build a comprehensive energy information management platform for smart grids, and support the new urban new energy and new life construction action plan.
(9) Accelerate the research and development of key technical equipment and promote the healthy development of upstream and downstream industries
Cooperate with the "Internet +" Smart Energy Action Plan to strengthen the integration of mobile Internet, cloud computing, big data and Internet of Things technologies in smart grids; accelerate the localization of core equipment such as flexible AC transmission and flexible DC transmission; Develop high-ratio renewable energy grid operation control technology, active distribution network technology, energy comprehensive utilization system, energy storage management control system and smart grid big data application technology to achieve key technological breakthroughs in smart grid and promote smart grid upstream and downstream industry chain Healthy and rapid development.
(10) Improve the standard system and accelerate the internationalization of smart grid standards
Accelerate the establishment of a systematic, perfect and open smart grid technology standard system, strengthen the promotion and application of domestic standards; strengthen international cooperation on smart grid standards, support and encourage enterprises and research institutes to actively participate in the standardization of international industry organizations, and accelerate the promotion of national intelligence The grid standard is internationalized.
Fourth, safeguard measures
(1) Strengthening organizational coordination and promoting the development of smart grids
The first is to establish an organizational coordination mechanism. Strengthen coordination among government departments, study and implement support policies for fiscal, taxation, science and technology, and talents that support the development of smart grids, strengthen international exchanges and cooperation, and promote the development of smart grid technologies, standards, and equipment. The second is to establish a mechanism for technological innovation. Give full play to the role of government, enterprises and university research institutions, strengthen top-level design, and establish an open and shared smart grid technology innovation system.
(II) Increase investment support and improve the electricity price mechanism
First, increase investment support. Increase the support of state-owned capital budgets; research and set up a special budget for smart grid central budget investment, and support demonstration projects in key areas such as energy storage, smart electricity, and energy Internet. The second is to promote the formation of a diversified investment and financing system. Encourage financial institutions to expand financing methods and supporting financial services suitable for the development of smart grids, and support smart grid-related enterprises to expand financing channels through the issuance of corporate bonds and other means. Encourage and introduce new technologies and products to promote smart grids, and propose a certain share of the benefits from the transformation of results for the reinvestment of technological innovation. The third is to encourage the exploration of flexible electricity pricing mechanisms. Combined with smart grid comprehensive demonstration projects in different regions, it provides electricity price signals that reflect the relationship between cost and supply and demand, and guides consumers, power suppliers and third parties to actively participate in power demand side management. Before the marketization of electricity prices, it is encouraged to explore and improve the electricity price policy of peak and valley electricity prices and support the development of energy storage industry.
(3) Creating an industrial development environment and encouraging business model innovation
The first is to establish an industrial alliance to promote market-oriented development. Give play to the role of government bridges, support the establishment of industrial alliances, promote the formation of unified and standardized technology and product standards, and build a multi-win market operation model. The second is to encourage innovation in the smart grid business model. Explore the modes and paths of the combination of the Internet and the energy sector, and encourage the integration of user-led, online and offline integration, platform thinking, big data and other Internet concepts with smart grid value-added services. Relying on the demonstration project, it will carry out business model innovation in key areas such as intelligent charging service for electric vehicles, coordinated operation of renewable energy power generation and energy storage, one-stop service for smart electricity, and virtual power plants.